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Cynoglossus cynoglossus  (Hamilton, 1822)

Bengal tongue sole
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Cynoglossus cynoglossus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Cynoglossus cynoglossus (Bengal tongue sole)
Cynoglossus cynoglossus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Cynoglossidae (Tonguefishes) > Cynoglossinae
Etymology: Cynoglossus: Greek, kyon = dog + Greek, odous = teeth + Greek, glossa = tongue (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal.   Tropical

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9895); common length : 12.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9895)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 95-102; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 72 - 78. Dorsolateral line usually undulating. No dark blotches or irregular cross bands on body. Eyed-side lower jaw with crenulate fleshy ridge comprised of several folds, or jaw with a single broadly triangular-shaped fleshy ridge (Ref 9895).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Malay Archipelago to Philippines, and westward to Myanmar, Bangladesh, and India (West Bengal) to Pakistan (Ref. 9895).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits muddy and sandy bottoms, often in shallow areas, including river estuaries and brackish waters. Feeds on benthic invertebrates (Ref. 12693). Marketed mostly fresh and frozen; also dried-salted (Ref. 9895).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Menon, A.G.K. and S. Monkolprasit, 1974. Cynoglossidae. In W. Fischer and P.J.P. Whitehead (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean (fishing area 57) and Western Central Pacific (fishing area 71). Rome, FAO. Vol. II, pag. var.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01150 (-0.17249 - 0.19549), b=2.93 (2.82 - 3.04), based on LWR estimates for species & family-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.