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Squalius svallize  Heckel & Kner, 1858

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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
More on author: Heckel, Kner.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Temperate; 10°C - 26°C (Ref. 13614); 44°N - 40°N, 16°E - 21°E

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Can be diagnosed from its congeners in Western Balkans and Adriatic basin by the following characters: 44-51 scales on lateral line; free margin of each flank scale with a row of black pigments, forming a regular reticulate pattern and anterior half of exposed field of each flank scale lacking conspicuous broad dark spot; dorsal fin usually with 8-9 branched rays; anal fin with 9-10 (usually 10 ) branched rays; eye diameter 19-23% HL; head shallow, conical; snout stout, markedly rounded; lower jaw short, length less than depth of operculum; and mouth subterminal (Ref. 59043).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Neretva, Trebisnjica and Ljuta drainages (Croatia and Bosnia Herzegovina).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in streams with swift water, lakes in karstic areas and enters subterranean waters (Ref. 59043). Adults inhabit water bodies on the low plains, with little current. Feeds on invertebrates. Threatened due to pollution, the introduction of other species and habitat destruction (Ref. 26100).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Crivelli, A.J., 1996. The freshwater fish endemic to the Mediterranean region. An action plan for their conservation. Tour du Valat Publication, 171 p.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Ciguatera
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (-0.09847 - 0.11847), b=3.05 (2.98 - 3.12), based on LWR estimates for species & family-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.32; tmax=7).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.