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Polydactylus macrophthalmus  (Bleeker, 1858)

River threadfin
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Polynemidae (Threadfins)
Etymology: Polydactylus: Greek, poly = a lot of + greek, daktylos = finger (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 52.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9685)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-14; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 11. Occipital profile concave in adults. Pectoral filaments 7 with 3 filaments extending beyond caudal fin base and the fifth extending beyond tip of caudal fin lobe. Long pectoral fin rays, 24-26% of SL (Ref. 40968, 41110).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Kapuas River, Kalimantan and the Musi and Batanghari rivers, Sumatra, Indonesia.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Known only from three rivers on two Indonesian islands: Kapuas River, Kalimantan and Musi and Batanghari rivers, Sumatra. These rivers were part of one large river, the ancient Central or North Sunda River, on the Sundaland during the Pleistocene, the last cold period about 12,000 years ago. Geographic evidence indicates that the species was well adapted to the freshwater basins in this extensive Pleistocene river, whereas other Polydactylus species are generally marine. With Sundaland submerged to about 100 m, this species is now restricted to the 3 presently known localities. The longer pectoral filaments and a more slender body have been considered as an adaptation to its freshwater existence. The long pectoral filaments are useful as a sense organ to search for food in muddy waters (Ref. 40968). A food fish along the Kapuas River, Borneo (Ref. 9685).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Motomura, H., 2004. Threadfins of the world (Family Polynemidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of polynemid species known to date. FAO Spec. Cat. Fish. Purp. Rome: FAO. 3:117 p.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
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Aquaculture profile
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Heritability
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Processing
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Ciguatera
Speed
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Gill area
Otoliths
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01690 (-0.17993 - 0.21373), b=3.01 (2.90 - 3.12), based on LWR estimates for this family-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.